What is the difference between Hurricane, Cyclone, Typhoon?
Hurricanes are a type of storm known as a tropical cyclone, which build from warm, moist air over the oceans.
Water evaporates, leaving behind a region of low pressure, which is then filled by surrounding air, explains Adrian Champion, an expert in climate systems from the University of Exeter. This causes more “new” warm air to rise into the cyclone, he explains. As this warm, moist air cools, it forms clouds, releasing energy back into the cyclone, helping it to develop.
Such systems form in the tropics as the water is warmer than elsewhere, therefore more easily evaporated. The “spin” of the hurricane is down to the rotation of the Earth affecting the movement of the air: since Irma formed north of the equator, it spins anticlockwise.
Many different factors can cause the system to build. “What causes it to intensify [beyond a standard cyclone] is either that the ocean is unusually warm or there is further instability [such as strong winds] in the atmosphere,” said Champion.
Depending on where these systems strike, they are given different names. “If they hit the Americas then they are called hurricanes, if they hit Asia they are called typhoons and if they hit Africa and Australia they are called cyclones,” said Champion. Source The Guardian
Here-under are some precautions to be taken after the passage of Hurricanes, Cyclones, Typhoons:
1. Till safety returns, do not go to areas where floodwaters have receded. Even after floodwaters have receded, avoid going to riverbanks
2. Check the safety of buildings that have been flooded; do not enter if there is stagnant water inside the building
3. Check if there are cracks or damages to the building, walls, doors, windows, ceiling to ascertain safety of the building
4. Check the electricity connections, gas stoves on the floor, boilers, LPG cylinders, motor pumps
5. If pipes are damaged, stop using toilets and water connections
6. If sewage pipes are damaged, get it fixed immediately to prevent spread of diseases
7. Along with flood water, insects, poisonous snakes could have entered homes - be careful
8. Avoid using water, food, medicines that were soaked. Clean and sterilise products before using them again.
9. If gadgets were damaged, disconnect from power supply
10. Use roads that are safe, be careful of fallen trees, electricity wires that have snapped or hanging low, landslides
11. Use roads that are safe, be careful of fallen trees, electricity wires that have snapped or hanging low, landslides
12. Register complaints with concerned officials about damaged water pipes, electricity connections
13. Take photographs of damaged buildings if you wish to claim insurance
14. If you have been evacuated, don’t return to your property or vehicle until authorities confirm it is safe to do so.
15. Flooding can occur after a cyclone. Use local alerts and warning systems to get information and expert informed advice.
16. Stay away from damaged areas and properties.
17. Don’t use electrical appliances that have been wet until they’ve been checked for safety by a professional.
18. Drinking water may be contaminated, so listen out for news reports to confirm whether the community’s water supply is safe to drink.
19. Take photos and dispose of any items that have been affected by contaminated flood waters.
20. If you have been evacuated, only return to your property when authorities indicate it is safe.
21. Listen to the radio and remain indoors until an official all clear has been given by the authorities.
22. If you are told to return to your home, do so using the recommended routes only.
23. Do not go sightseeing.
24. Get electrical appliances which have been into contact with water checked before using them.
25. Boil or purify your water until supplies are declared safe.
26. Stay away from damaged power lines, fallen trees and flood water.
27. If your home has become uninhabitable, contact your local council and ask where you can get help.
28. Check on your neighbours, family and friends. Help other people to find their family. Register name of your missing family member, neighbour into the campaign.
29. Make arrangement of shelters until & unless safety has been declared by the government or higher authorities
30. Help government & other communities for cleaning of roads, debris in order to prevent diseases.
Emergency Numbers, Florida, Giovanna Maselli, Hurricane Irma
MIAMI (CBSMiami) — With Hurricane Irma approaching Florida, make sure you know these numbers and apps just in case you need help or need to know about government services.
Florida’s Emergency line: 1-800-342-3557
Florida’s Price Gouging line: 1-866-966-7226
Veterans Who Need Assistance: 1-800-507-4571.
To get Traffic Information: 511 or get the Florida 511 Traveler Information App
To Report Power Outages: 1-800-468-8243 or get their app
To Volunteer: 1-800-354-3571
To Find Gas: Get the Gas Buddy app
To Talk To FEMA: Get the app
For information on local government services: 311 or (305) 468-5900
Miami-Dade County offers a variety of apps and alerts to stay up to date. You can sign up for Miami-Dade Emergency Alerts that will let you know through email or texts about public safety issues, recommended public protective actions, or other emergency information. Their SAFE app lets users find open and available evacuation centers and Disaster Assistance Centers near you. To report damage info to the county, click here.
For local government services: 311 or (954) 831-4000
Broward residents can sign up for AccessBROWARD to receive email alerts. Officials are asking that residents follow @ReadyBroward on Twitter. You can also report damage at the county’s site. If you’re in Broward and need to protect your pet before and during a hurricane, click here.
In the Florida Keys, Monroe County residents can sign up for alerts or view them by clicking here or you can reach their emergency hotline at 1-800-955-5504. Please note, Monroe County has mandatory evacuation orders.
Related: What To Bring To A Hurricane Shelter
- Click here for ways to prepare yourself for an impending storm from our Hurricane Preps page
- Click here for latest news surrounding hurricanes and the National Hurricane Center
- Click here to see all of the latest maps when a storm forms in the Atlantic
- Click here to download the CBS4 2017 Hurricane Guide (English)
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