IF YOU CAN’T GIVE, AT LEAST FORGIVE
This past week has been very lively in celebrating Nelson Mandela Day which is on 18th July! So this article is just a tribute to this great personality!
A young Nelson Mandela in the office of the law firm he founded with fellow ANC activist, Oliver Tambo.Birth :–18 July 1918, At Mvezo on the banks
ofthe Bashe River, South Africa
Name: – Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
Parents: – Nonqaphi Nosekeni and Nkosi Mphakanyiswa Gadla Mandela, a chief and chief councillor to the paramount chief of the Thembu and a member of the Madiba clan. Mandela’s middle name is Rolihlahla, which literally means ‘pulling the branch of a tree’, or colloquially, ‘troublemaker’. He was given the name Nelson by his White missionary school teacher.
Education: – In 1943, BA through the University of South Africa in Johannesburg . In 1952, he began studying for an LLB at the University of the Witwatersrand. He only started studying again through the University of London after his imprisonment in 1962 but also did not complete that degree.
In 1989, while in the last months of his imprisonment, he obtained an LLB through the University of South Africa. He graduated in absentia at a ceremony in Cape Town. In 1944, Mandela joined the African National Congress (ANC) to fight against apartheid.
At first, he wanted the ANC to follow Mohandas Gandhi’s nonviolent protest methods.
After the ANC was banned in 1960, he led a secret army called ‘Spear of the Nation.’ He traveled to other countries to ask for help. Later, he began to doubt the effectiveness of Gandhi’s methods. He planned to use some bombing techniques but, without causing harm to anyone. The government called him a terrorist and jailed him, in 1962.
There is crucial role of John Vorster (A man from white minority) in Life of Nelson Mandela. John Vorster was served as Minister of Justice from 1961 to 1966. However by 1962 Mandela had been arrested and sentenced to life imprisonment in the notorious Robben Island prison.
Vorster was known for his staunch adherence to apartheid, overseeing (as Minister of Justice) the Rivonia Trial in which Nelson Mandela and the other seven trialists was sentenced to life imprisonment for sabotage on June 11, 1964.
As time passes John Vorster become the prime minister of South Africa from time period of 1966 to 1978. During that time, in his regime he passes again and again many of the reports or bill in the parliament to hang Mandela.
There was also discrimination [by prison authorities] between Indians and blacks like Mandela. Different laws applied to different people, different communities. For instance, Mandela – being black – did not get bread for 10 years. And any of being Indian – got a quarter loaf of bread every day; things like that. Mr. Mandela [and other black inmates] were wearing short trousers, while others wearing long trousers, according to the law at that time. And he could have easily got treated like others, but he refused. He refused all preferential treatment.
This is just a short look of their life in prison but, he faces more than that can never be told.
Mandela was offered freedom several times on various conditions, including renouncing violence, but he refused. AS time passes the white regime is gone out & freedom comes.
Now, After 27 years Mandela comes out from jail, on that particular event all the media were present on the Robert Island, asking first of the question about his greatest enemy:
“Mr. Mandela what do you think of John Worster.”
Mandela Replied, “he is very decent man.”
What you would have replied had you been in the place of Mandela????
In 1993, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, which he shared with former South African president FW de Klerk.
His work paid off when all races were allowed to vote in the 1994 election for the first time. He won the election and became the first black President of South Africa. He retired in 1999. He died on 5 December 2013, after a lung illness.
15th December, 2013 on his funeral without invitation to anyone in anywhere, There is no any protocols for informing or communicating, to give a farewell 90 Leaders of the world were present, Past leaders were present, Islamic states, King, Maharaja, More than 100 Voluntary organization, World Bank, UN & Many others were present.
Important to know:-
- Nelson Mandela was the first member of his family to attend school.
- He was the first elected President of South Africa. He was also the first black President of the country.
- In South Africa, he is known by the titles, ‘The Father of the Nation’, ‘The Founding Father of Democracy’, ‘The National Liberator, The Saviour.
- He received the Peace Prize in 1993. Mandela has received over 695 awards. This is the maximum number of awards anyone has ever got.
- On his birthday, Nelson Mandela Day, people are asked to spend 67 minutes helping others. Why 67? He spent 67 years serving South Africa.
It is not enough to possibly describe all the things about the life of Nelson Mandela. For more interesting discoveries go through the following links:-
About John Vorster:-